Gaura devi chipko movement –
Someone has said very well that saving forests is not necessary for the environment but for the human. If the forest will not escape then the existence of human life cannot be imagined. Some of this was started with the historical Chipko movement, whose heroine was Gaura Devi. Today, on 26 March 1973, 27 women of Rani village of Chamoli district woke up a movement that is appreciated all over the world till date.
These women stuck to the trees while challenging the forest contractors under the leadership of Gaura Devi. That is, today’s historic Chipo movement began to save the forest environment on the same day. Later, environmental activists like Sunderlal Bahuguna, Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Dhum Singh gave further extension to entire Uttarakhand.
It is a matter of time when school education was very distant in the villages of Uttarakhand. So there was no such thing as a school for the village’s Gora. At the age of only 12, he got married to the farmer of Rani village near Meherban Singh. Mehrban Singh died after ten years of marriage. Thereby, Gaura Devi faced a lot of problems in the upbringing of her children. Like other people in the village, Gaura Devi’s life also was dependent on the forests surrounding the village. From where he used to get fruits, flowers, vegetables, water, fodder etc.
Chipko Movement Book –
The book on the Chipko movement of environmentalist Vandana Shiva states that in 1973, the government had a contractor to auctioned 300 trees of the forest of Kedar valley. Where he had to return due to opposition from the villagers. But after that, he moved towards the Alaknanda Valley. When women from the village of Rani village saw some people holding ax in their hands they could come in. To stop the trees from cutting, protests started under the leadership of Gaura Devi. 27 women created small pieces and stuck to trees. Many women like Ganga Devi, Rupsa, Bhakti, Maasis, Harki, Malti, Fagli and Bala Devi joined the shoulder after ten years. In ten years, Gaura Devi had said in an interview that natural calamities coming from the jungles are certain to come. After this, the Chipko movement got even faster The agitators demanded that all hilly districts of Uttar Pradesh have full restrictions on commercial exploitation of forests. The 50-year-old woman named Hima Devi is the strongest lobbying demand for this complete ban. Hema Devi revived the village and gave the message to the people that ‘My remaining sisters are busy cultivating kharif this time. I have come with the message of all your sisters and you have come among the people that we have to fight to save the trees. ‘ Significantly, the demands of this movement were later incorporated into the government’s forest policy.
According to senior journalist Raju Gusanai, the conflict of Gora Devi will be relevant and over time. In the way, the forests are getting depleted around the world and environmental threats are being seen, in such a way, people like Gaura Devi can be inspired by inspiration.